Tooth filling aims at restoring the aesthetics and functionality of the damaged tooth. Our dentists perform permanent tooth filling rapidly and efficiently. A long-term warranty is given for all dental services. The procedure takes place in a completely sterile environment.
Professional dentists who work in DentaTur clinics in Turkey (Antalya, Marmaris, Istanbul, and Fethiye) are able to perform totally painless tooth filling with the use of high-quality materials.
When it is necessary to fill a tooth?
Tooth filling helps stop the progression of cavities since this procedure consists in removing affected tooth tissues and restoring the tooth by means of filling materials. As a rule, tooth filling is not required in the early stages of tooth decay (stains). However, if the caries has affected the middle and deep layers of the tooth, a filling becomes indispensable.
- Formation of a small or middle-sized carious cavity, with tooth decay degree being up to 50 %.
- Restoration of the tooth’s aesthetic properties.
- Destruction of over one-third of the tooth crown;
- Sub-gingival tooth decay or impossibility to isolate the cavity or the tooth itself from moist;
- Excessive tooth attrition combined with direct occlusion.
Types of tooth fillings (temporary, permanent)
Depending on their purpose, dental fillings can be either temporary or permanent.
- Temporary tooth fillings are used to conduct diagnostics and treatment. For instance, the dentist can install a temporary filling to ascertain that the nerve is affected. If after a certain time the patient still experiences pain, then the nerve should be removed. Besides, the doctor can introduce a temporary filling if it is necessary to isolate a medication for a while. After this timeframe is over, the dentist can easily remove the filling and substitute it with a permanent one.
- Permanent tooth fillings are designed to restore the anatomical shape of the tooth and its functional abilities. Such fillings are able to serve for many years.
Which components (materials) are used to perform tooth filling?
Filling material gets selected on the basis of how much the tooth is damaged, and where the affected area is localized. The dentist comes up with the best solution individually for each patient.
Permanent tooth fillings in contemporary dentistry can be made of the following materials:
- Amalgam. Nowadays the use of various amalgams (alloys of metals with the quicksilver) is close to zero since such filling materials require much time and high qualification of the dentist. Besides, aesthetic properties of amalgams are far from being ideal — a polished filling is rather visible in the mouth. Such fillings are typically installed on grinding teeth. On the other hand, amalgams serve for up to several decades and can be placed in the wet tooth cavity.
- Cement-based fillings. There are mineral (phosphate) and polymeric (glass ionomer) cements. Such fillings have low adhesion properties and serve for no more than two years. The main advantage of cement fillings is their low price.
- Porcelain fillings are also called “inlays”; they get produced in dental laboratories and then fixed on the tooth. Porcelain fillings are resistant to colour staining and can be selected to mimic the natural shade of the teeth. Porcelain tooth restoration is normally performed on the major part of the tooth surface. The price of such fillings is similar to that of gold fillings.
- Composite material. Such materials are a great alternative to cement fillings. They usually contain porcelain. There are several types of composites:
- Acrylic composites. A strong and reliable material. One of its disadvantages is high porosity which eventually leads to nerve inflammation and increases the risk of repetitive caries.
- Composites based on epoxy resins. This material is more resistant to attrition but has insufficient strength properties and visibly darkens with time.
- Light-cured composites. Such material consists of a filling agent and a polymeric substance that grows hard in the presence of the UV rays. Light-cured fillings are highly durable and have good aesthetic properties (the dentist can select a shade that corresponds to the natural colour of the teeth). The disadvantages of such fillings include low adhesion on the edge and shrinkage. Light-cured fillings serve for about 7-8 years.
How the procedure takes place?
- The dentist drills out the caries-affected fragment of the tooth and prepares a cavity for introducing the filling material.
- To restore the anatomical shape of the tooth, a special metal band (“matrix”) gets applied around the tooth in the process of its filling, with small wooden pegs being placed in the space between the band and the adjacent teeth. This manipulation ensures the opportunity to introduce the filling material in the tooth cavity so that the initial tooth shape was completely preserved, and to create contact points with the adjacent teeth. Besides, the dentist performs a thorough preparation of the outer surface of the tooth to avoid possible secondary tooth decay (caries underneath the filling).
- To disinfect the tooth cavity and prepare it for the introduction of the filling material, the dentist treats the cavity with a special gel. After that, the hole gets washed and dried.
- The surface of the tooth cavity gets covered with special adhesive substance and exposed to the sun lamp (polymerizing blue-light lamp which enables the hardening of the filling material). This procedure helps ensure the maximal adhesion of the filling to the surface of the tooth.
- In case the tooth is deeply damaged but its soft tissues remain unaffected and there is no need to perform endodontic treatment, the dentist also uses a special pad to protect the pulp (dental nerve) from getting stimulated.
- When the hole is duly prepared for the filling, the filling material gets introduced. It should be thoroughly compressed to avoid the formation of micropores in the process of filling. The dentist applies the filling material slowly and in small portions, exposing each portion to the sun lamp. This helps ensure efficient hardening of the filling material and its tight adhesion to the tooth. It is vital to create an anatomically correct dental filling so that its height allowed restoring the initial occlusion.
- Once the filling is installed, the dentist polishes the tooth, so that its surface was smooth and not prone to the formation of plaque.
Prices for tooth filling in DentaTur clinics in Turkey
Tooth filling performed in the clinics belonging to DentaTur chain in Turkey (Antalya, Istanbul, Fethiye, Marmaris) is an absolutely painless procedure. We use the most efficient techniques and substances and select treatment programs individually for each patient. We never economize on dental consumables and use only the best materials with time-tested quality and reliability.