Gum graft surgery is nowadays quite a popular oral cavity intervention. Such surgery aims at solving the issues related to gingival recession, which is the process of gum tissue atrophy around one tooth or the whole tooth row. There are several factors that cause gingival recession. Often such a disorder is associated with periodontitis, when the bone tissue gets destroyed due to inflammation processes, leading to the exposure of the tooth root. This can be caused by bad oral hygiene, chronic diseases, occlusion problems, presence of strands and frenulums, smoking, and gum traumatizing due to incorrect teeth cleaning.
It should be also noted that dental clinics belonging to DentaTur chain perform dental implantation at the highest level. Since tooth implantation is so far one of the most widespread dental services, such a procedure is conducted only if the whole set of requirements is met, including healthy gums.
The installation of an artificial tooth on the spot of the lost one is impossible without a thorough approach towards the restoration of the soft tissues by which the new tooth will be surrounded. The presence of healthy, prepared, and immobile gums ensures secure support of the future dental implant. Unfortunately, the gingival health of the majority of patients cannot serve as a warranty of the correct position of the new tooth. Gum inconsistency can be caused by various reasons, with the most widespread ones being as follows:
- soft tissue atrophy due to a prolonged absence of the tooth;
- genetically determined gingival maldevelopment;
- tissue recession due to inflammatory diseases.
Thanks to the advanced technologies, gum inconsistency has ceased to be a serious impediment to the installation and normal functioning of dental implants. Our surgeons perform an intervention that is incredibly important for the high-quality dental implantation – 3D gingival augmentation in the area of the future implant installation, which ensures fully-fledged restoration of the soft tissues.
Objectives of gum graft surgery
- augmentation of high-quality gums around the implant;
- gum cuff formation;
- creation of the necessary volume of the mucous membrane for the gingival crest around the artificial tooth;
- bone protection with the help of the restored gum in the implantation zone.
The restoration of the necessary gum volume is achieved by several techniques. The selection of a particular method depends on the patient’s specific objectives and individual preferences.
How gum graft surgery is performed?
In case of the insufficiency of the soft tissues they can be transplanted from another part of the oral cavity. Usually the gum is transplanted from the palate, since the histological properties of the hard palate are considered to be identical to those of the gum near the tooth neck. That is why the gum graft transplanted by the dentist survives quite easily and stops the gum recession.
This procedure is performed surgically. Before the intervention the doctor removes carious lesions in the working area and eliminates the inflammation. Gum graft surgery is painless since it is conducted in the presence of local anaesthesia. To transplant the gum, the surgeon peels off several soft tissue flaps in the oral cavity, one of them being selected directly beside the tooth. Then the doctor cleans the spaces beneath such flaps, eliminates inflammation, removes food residuals, and repairs the root cement.
Types of gum graft surgery
Before proceeding to any gum graft surgery, the anesthesiologist introduces a safe and efficient anaesthetic. During the operation, the patient sits in a comfortable chair and has no unpleasant sensations whatsoever.
Free gum graft surgery
This technique is used if the patient has thin gingival tissues. The surgeon prepares a hole in the gum to be filled with the graft. A free 2-3 mm gum graft is taken from the palate where dense mucous membrane is available. Then the flap is fixed on the gum with a thin and neat stitch.
Connective tissue transplantation
Such a technique aims at treating exposed tooth roots. To achieve this, the surgeon takes subepithelial connective tissues from beneath the mucous membrane of the palate, whose main feature is good blood supply. Then the SCTG gets stitched to the gingival tissues and treated by special antiseptic and regenerating solutions.
Rotated flap transplantation
This type of gum graft surgery is used if the patient has a sufficient volume of gum tissues around the tooth. The tissue gets taken from the donor zones – adjacent parts of the gum. The intervention consists of performing correct transplantation of a rotated gum flap towards the affected tooth root. Subsequently, this flap will perform protective and fixing functions.
The recovery after gum graft surgery does not require staying at a hospital. However, the patient shall remain under medical supervision for several weeks so that the doctor could control the process of tissue survival. The stitches get removed one week after the operation while the patient continues to take local and general medications prescribed by the dentist.
In certain cases, a healing cap is installed after the implant survival. This device helps create a beautiful gum around the new tooth, thus making the smile even more attractive.
Prices of gum graft surgery in Turkey
The amount of the expenses for the gum graft surgery depends on the scope of work to be done. After the consultation the dentist will be able to define your gingival issue and determine the price of the operation.
DentaTur chain of clinics in Turkey (Fethiye, Marmaris, Istanbul, and Antalya) possesses all the equipment and tools needed for the conduct of gum graft surgery, as well as contemporary high-quality materials for performing the dental implantation. Our patients always obtain healthy gums and natural-looking tooth implants.
Recommendations for oral care after gum graft surgery
Regular dental check-ups and thorough domiciliary dental assistance can help avoid serious damages that require surgical intervention. Other means of preventing gingival problems include:
- Teeth cleaning twice a day with the use of a fluoride-containing toothpaste;
- Daily use of dental floss;
- Regular visits to the dentist to undergo dental examination and professional teeth cleaning;
- Well-balanced and healthy diet;
- Abstaining from smoking.