Today the most efficient way to restore missing teeth is dental implantation. Only this technology helps create and place a new tooth or several teeth, including their roots, without compromising adjacent teeth. Let’s review the key stages of dental implantation, main indications, prices in our dental centres in Turkey (Antalya, Istanbul, Fethiye, Marmaris), and particular features of this procedure.
Dental implantation consists in placing into the jawbone special titanium implants which will gradually get covered by bone tissue and will serve as natural tooth roots.
A dental implant is a metal pin which gets embedded into the jaw and serves for fixing a dental prosthesis on it. Such a fixing technique is rather more reliable than the usual restoration method according to which dental constructions get attached to the neighbouring teeth. Besides, this technique allows avoiding the facing of the adjacent teeth. Dental implants are also called intraosseous since they get placed directly into the jawbone.
When it is necessary to place implants?
Dental implantation is indicated in the following cases:
- loss of one or several teeth
- absence of several adjacent teeth
- absence of teeth at the back of the mouth
- absence of all the teeth (total edentia)
How long dental implants serve?
As a rule, dental implants serve for at least 15-20 years. Their lifetime depends on how well the patient performs dental care, his or her state of health, implantation quality, and where exactly the implant was installed. For example, dental implants which substitute front teeth experience smaller occlusion load than dental implants in the back of the mouth, and, therefore, serve for a longer period of time.
Advantages of dental implants
- In case of toothless jaws, implantation helps avoid the use of removable prostheses
- If one or several teeth are missing, dental implants allow leaving adjacent teeth without facing which is normally performed for applying a bridgework
- The installation of an implant enables the prevention of jawbone atrophy
- The implantation prevents jaw deformities
- Dental implants allow normal chewing
- Dental implants provide high quality of your everyday life
- The installation of dental implants has almost no absolute contraindications
Types of full sets of dental implants
Dental clinics in Turkey which belong to DentaTur chain offer various techniques of installing full-mouth dental implants.
Dental centres in Antalya, Istanbul, Marmaris, and Fethiye use the following implantation methods:
all-on-4, all-on-6, 3-on-6.
What immediate load is and which technologies it includes?
Immediate load (single-stage implantation) is a technique which involves loading the installed implants with prostheses right on the 2nd or 3rd day after the operation. Below we will discuss the restoration methods based on the immediate load protocol: all-on-4 and all-on-6.
The main indications for the implementation of each of these techniques include full absence of teeth, absence of multiple teeth or loss of several teeth with a certain degree of jawbone atrophy. The deterioration of the jawbone takes place if several teeth are absent for 1-2 years or more or if they are replaced with removable prostheses. The degree of jawbone atrophy can be mild, medium, or severe. Now let’s proceed to the review of particular features of these techniques.
All-on-4 dental implants
The name of this methodology speaks for itself: in order to support the prosthesis designed for the whole raw of teeth, only 4 dental implants are used. Two of them are installed in the front zone while the other two are placed in the side zone (one implant on each side). Side implants are fixed at an angle in the place of the 5th or 6th tooth which allows selecting areas with maximum width of the bone tissue, as well as increasing the contact area between the implant and the bone.
This treatment method implies using dental implants which consist of two elements: the first one gets installed in the bone tissue; this is the implant itself which is fixed in the course of dental surgery (the doctor will have to cut the gum and create a small hole in the bone). The second element is the upper part or abutment. In this case multi-unit abutments are used. This construction is angulated which helps fix the prosthesis in a straight position.
The advantages of the all-on-4 technique include the reduced number of implants, the opportunity to perform immediate implantation, and quick restoration of the aesthetics and functionality of the teeth.
All-on-6 dental implants
The all-on-6 technology appeared on the basis of the previous version, or the all-on-4 implantation. This method implies using 6 dental implants. Two of them are placed vertically in the front zone while the other two pairs are installed in both side zones. Hence, the number of supports increases, which means that the prosthesis will be fixed in a more secure way, and the bone will receive the entire load. The disadvantages of the all-on-4 implantation are eliminated.
The unique feature of this technique is the modified approach towards the use of implant models. While the previous method involved using two-part constructions, this technology is based on single-part constructions which, by the way, have special design and type of the screw thread. These constructions are placed in the deeper areas of the bone tissue; they also affect the cheekbone and the lines of force of the cranium. Such implants are more solid and, most importantly, sterile. The risk of infection is close to zero, which helps perform the implantation even in the presence of inflamed periodontal tissue. As the installation areas have a wider layer of bone tissue and not prone to atrophy, the implants have a very high degree of primary stability.
3-on-6 full-mouth restoration
The 3-on-6 technology is a dental restoration procedure used to replace all of the teeth on the upper or lower arch of the mouth. This technique was pioneered in 2015 by Dr. Randy Roberts, DDS, when trying to find a solution for patients who didn’t like the inconvenience, price, or discomfort of other treatments. The procedure includes placing six implants on one arch of the mouth and attaching three bridges directly to those implants. In the result, the patient obtains a full smile which is beautiful and strong, feels very natural, enables normal eating and speaking, and requires only brushing and flossing to maintain its initial state.
Why 3-on-6 beats all-on-4
- 3 bridges instead of one denture
- No artificial gum line
- More natural appearance
- Opportunity to clean and floss teeth without removing the denture
- Hundreds of dollars saved each year on professional cleanings
- Higher safety due to the presence of 6 implants
- Lower replacement cost (if needed)
Main stages of teeth restoration
- Preparation to the implantation. The dentist must ascertain that the implantation is justified, that the dental implant will fit successfully, and that the patient has no contraindications for such a procedure. First of all, the doctor performs an oral examination and its obligatory sanitation. Then the patient undergoes several tests including coagulation test (blood’s ability to clot), blood glucose test, biochemical profile, tests for HIV, Hepatitis, and syphilis, as well as general urine test. Besides, the doctor performs jaw radiography, a CT scan, and orthopantomography in order to assess the bone quality and the presence of possible bone pathologies.
- Implant installation. If necessary, this stage is preceded by reconstructing the bone tissue, since the implantation itself is possible only if the volume of this tissue is large enough. The regeneration can be performed by means of various techniques, including the introduction of a bone-forming unit, which aims at the restoration and sinus lift. After the oral cavity is duly prepared, the installation of a dental implant is performed, which takes relatively little time.
- Installation of the abutment and the gingival former in case of classical implantation. In order to achieve natural gum line around the future artificial tooth, the doctor fixes the gingival former. This construction is used only for the classical two-stage implantation protocol, with such a procedure taking place 3-6 months after the implantation. The abutment gets fixed on the implant approximately two weeks after the gingival former is placed.
- Dental crown installation. One-stage implantation allows performing this procedure 3-4 days after the implant is introduced. The crowns are always made with the use of the patient’s jaw moulds, so that the new teeth could perform all the functions of the missing natural ones. The crowns are fixed on the abutment with the help of special adhesive material.
- Rehabilitation. During this stage the patient should perform due oral care and make occasional visits to the doctor so that the latter could check the state of the implant. The duration of the rehabilitation depends on the implantation technique and the particular features of the patient’s body.
Our dentists in Antalya, Marmaris, Fethiye and Istanbul deliver all dental operations in strict compliance with the international protocols. Besides, they undergo regular professional training with the owners of the technologies and producers of dental implants.
How much dental implants in DentaTur clinics cost?
The price of dental implants in the clinics belonging to Dentatur chain in Turkey depends directly on the number of teeth to be replaced and the type of technology which is going to be used in the course of the surgical treatment.
Dentsply DIO Implant + Abutment – £ 399
Find out more about implant prices here.
The expected and, most importantly, natural side effects of dental implantation include pain syndrome which can persist for a certain period of time, as well as swelling which appears in the place where the implant is installed. Among other side effects there is mild short-term bleeding related to the wound healing process, as well as a lump which forms in the soft tissues of the gum near the implant.
Recommendations after the implantation in Antalya
How to take care of the implants installed in Antalya, Marmaris, Fethiye or Istanbul? Usually only 5% of patients who have undergone dental implantation experience complications. However, in order to minimize the risk of such consequences, it is necessary to follow two key principles of taking care of dental implants:
- During the first 2-3 days be careful when brushing your teeth near the area with the implant.
- During the first 3 days do not expose the treated side of your jaw to excessive load. You’d better chew food on the opposite side of the jaw.
Besides, the patient is obliged to follow post-operation recommendations: take antibiotics, rinse his or her mouth, take painkillers, etc. However, only your dentist can give you the exact recommendations on how to take care of your implants, since your doctor is fully familiar with your situation. Keep this always in mind!
Dental implants care
All the measures of dental implants care can be roughly divided into three major categories:
- Cleaning your teeth at home
- Rinsing or irrigating your mouth
- Undergoing professional cleaning once every 6 months
If you have dental implants, the disregard for any of the above-mentioned principles is strongly discouraged. It is important to have a number of indispensable accessories always at hand: a toothbrush, toothpaste, and dental floss. And don’t forget to visit your dentist as often as required.
Dental implants cleaning
After the installation of dental implants the most vital aspect is proper oral hygiene. You can use a wide range of oral and dental care products, including classical or electric toothbrushes. Just ensure that you select soft-bristled toothbrushes so that they couldn’t damage the mucous membrane of your mouth.
There are also interproximal toothbrushes which go along with a set of special heads. They are designed for cleaning interdental spaces. Optionally you can use I-shaped or L-shaped toothbrushes which allow trouble-free cleaning of the most hard-to-reach places in your oral cavity.
As a rule, the cleaning of dental implants after the rehabilitation is over doesn’t differ from how natural teeth should be cleaned, so it is recommended to perform it in the following way:
- By sweeping movements
- By vertical movements
- By circular movements
It is also handy to use an irrigator – a special device which helps to remove bacteria from the most distant places with a flow of water or special liquid medicine under pressure. Don’t forget also to buy dental floss which allows cleaning interdental spaces without damaging gums.