What denture materials are used?
In addition to the choice of the type of denture, there is also the question of the material used for this. There is a choice between different metals, plastics and ceramics, each with advantages and disadvantages.
A ceramic solution is often chosen because it is very similar to natural teeth, particularly in terms of aesthetics.
There are three groups of denture materials:
- Metals (especially titanium) for dental implants and gold alloys for full cast crowns
- High-performance ceramic (zirconium oxide) for artificial tooth crowns
- Plastic (for prostheses and artificial crowns)
A combination of several materials is often used to produce dentures. Veneering crowns, for example, consist of a metal body, veneered with a ceramic layer that is indistinguishable in colour from natural teeth. As a result, the artificial tooth crown can also fit perfectly into the row of teeth.
Partial prostheses, on the other hand, consist of a plastic palate as well as metal fastening clips and artificial tooth crowns, which are made of ceramic or plastic.
Dental implants consist of a titanium implant body and a ceramic crown. However, there are also all-ceramic implants.
Advantages of dentures
If missing teeth change the external appearance and become visible, for example, when smiling, this often leads to uncertainty in the patient’s appearance. The consequences can range to depression and isolation. But this is only one side: the health problems that missing teeth can trigger are more serious. They range from speech disorders to chewing problems to far-reaching diseases of the teeth and mouth.
If there is a gap over a longer period, adjacent and opposite teeth can also move in the direction of the gap, since they lack the counter-loading of the former tooth. This can result in a changed bite position and, as a result, excessive tooth wear and problems in the temporomandibular joint.
The bottom line is that every missing tooth should be replaced urgently. Fortunately, modern dentistry has a long line of proven methods that will soon make you smile, eat and speak in a relaxed manner.
Risks from dentures
The possibilities of closing a tooth gap with modern medical dentures are very different, and so the risks differ.
Risk of dentures: loss of substance of healthy teeth
For example, for the restoration with a bridge, two healthy teeth that enclose the gap must be ground by the dentist so that they can serve as stable bridge abutments. The healthy tooth substance is therefore deliberately damaged so that the bridge finds a hold.
In the future, the likelihood of tooth decay will increase for the ground teeth because they are no longer surrounded by hard enamel – instead, the much softer dentin is exposed. Furthermore, a bridge always harbours the risk of jawbone degradation, because the bone is no longer stimulated by a tooth root as before and therefore is not naturally preserved.
Implants are a much less risky variant of dentures: they act as a kind of artificial tooth root that is inserted into the jaw and fuse with the bone. The bone remains vital and bone loss is not a danger during this procedure. As safe as the method of dental implants is, it is also expensive.
Read more about aesthetic dentures in this article.
Denture care: do I have to fear pain?
There are many different ways of restoring dentures: some that can be implemented more quickly and others that require more complex dental services. Apart from the high expenditure of time, you do not have to fear any pain during any intervention necessary for your care.
Modern dentistry and anaesthesia are gentle, safe and designed so that the treatment is painless for you. However, if you are concerned about any pain, in many cases it is possible to have a treatment (for example the insertion of implants) under general anaesthesia.
If you suffer from a severe fear of dentists, contact the dentist in advance with confidence: Dental fear is common and your doctor is prepared to advise you individually and considerately.
Pain after the insertion of dentures
Slight pain is completely normal if you start using dentures immediately after treatment. Because whether it is a bridge, a crown or dental implants: there is now a “foreign body” in your mouth that you have to get used to. Besides, dental implants that are newly inserted into the jawbones are, by definition, fresh wounds to which your body must first devote yourself. Just like any other wound, it has to heal.
Dentures and pain: after implantation
From a medical perspective, pain after dental implant placement is completely normal. In this case, your dentist will give you a pain reliever after the procedure.
In most cases, freshly inserted implants heal easily. However, if you are in pain or notice swelling, a cooling compress usually provides quick relief.
Dentures and pain: inflammation on the implant
Even after a long time, implants can cause pain, even though they healed easily at first. The reason is usually an inflammation near the implant, a so-called peri-implantitis. This in turn is mostly favoured by poor oral hygiene.
For every person, but especially for denture wearers, a thorough hygiene routine is important to prevent gum and other inflammation, which is not least caused by bacterial deposits.
If implants are not properly cared for, they can loosen over time and, in the worst case, even get lost. So, don’t forget to brush your teeth thoroughly in the morning and evening and use dental floss to remove plaque before it can cause inflammation.
It is also advisable to schedule professional teeth cleaning once or twice a year, which thoroughly frees your teeth and the entire mouth from harmful influences.
What costs should I expect?
First of all, the cost of dentures can vary greatly: Their amount depends not only on the choice of care, the material and the associated laboratory effort but also on the state and the fee of the dentist.
In addition to external factors, health factors can also influence the cost of your dentures: For example, before starting the treatment with dental implants, it must be determined whether the treatment effort is possibly increased because surgical connective tissue and bone have to be built up before the implantation. In some cases, it is necessary to plan this step, otherwise, the implants would not have a secure base in the jaw.
Please check out the updated price list here.